What Can Minnows Tell Us About Ecotoxicity

What Can Minnows Tell Us About Ecotoxicity

Fathead minnow cells are the new “canaries in the cave” “We produce over 70,000 chemicals that end up in freshwater ecosystems,” said Chris Vulpe, PhD, title at the University of California, Berkeley. “Worse, we don’t know the toxicity or potential environmental...
Red Grouper: Prairie Dogs Of Florida Bay?

Red Grouper: Prairie Dogs Of Florida Bay?

Why? Red grouper increase the amount of complex habitat in the bay by cleaning out holes that have been filled in with sediment, bits of broken shells, and dead algae. The red grouper dig out holes so they can hide from predators, but in the process they create...